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Egypt : techniques of survival of an autocrat February 10, 2011

Posted by bdoza in International, POLITICS.
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A massive uprising of people is going on in Egypt that started on 25th January 2011.Thousands of people come down to the streets and squares in the cities. The most symbolic is the Tahrir or Liberation square in Cairo. Like many citizens of the world I was following the evolving events in Egypt. The mass movement led by the youths has taken its momentum. The peak arrived on when people from all walks of life, men and women, children and old all gathered together in the Tahrir square in ‘millions march day’ on 28th January 2011.

Government closed down the social networks, shut down the internet, stop the text messaging and then stop the mobile phones. They swoop on the journalists, arrested them and tortured them.CNN Anderson was also heavily assaulted by them. Independent Media had been closed.

On the face of upheaval Husne Mubarak has made some changes. He has appointed new vice president and a prime minister. Both are from security forces, the vice president was Chief of Intelligence and is seen as possible successor to the Presidency.

He addressed the nation, cited his past and expressed his commitment to the nation. He declared not for run for presidency in the next election, but want to continue till then to serve the nation and to protect the nation from falling in chaos.


Then we heard that pro-Mubarak people have gathered outside and chanted slogans.They came close to the protesters and initially there was no clash. Then suddenly we saw some men on horses and with whips ran their horses through the masses injuring many. Some pro-Mubarak also came on camels. Some of the horse riders were brought down by the protesters. Sporadic clashes between the two groups continued throughout the night. Snipers from the outside killed the 7 protesters and injured many. They pro-govt hooligans also threw molotov cocktails and set fire the cars and vehicles.

The police were withdrawn from the duties after the first few days. The thieves and thugs were encouraged to loot houses and shops. Many of the thugs were found to be from the security forces.


The army were deployed in the city and tanks and armored vehicles spread out in the city and they remain virtually neutral and didn’t prevent the aggressors to create the chaos. They only played a little positive role very recently. Nobody knows how long that will persist.

UN estimated that more than 300 were killed and 5000 were injured. Though the ministry of Health only acknowledged 17 deaths.

The Egypt is under emergency rule since his coming to the power in 1981. The Husne Mubarrak has allies in the international block like USA and Israel unlike Saddam who had few friends.

The Husne Mubarak government has raised the salary of the government employees to 15% and also increase the pensions.

Whether all these measures could save the regime from collapse, only time will say.

An ordinary citizen

Hamas, Israel and an occupied territory January 17, 2009

Posted by bdoza in BANGLADESH, International, UN.
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It is over 21 days that Israel launches its attack on Hamas.It starts with air attacks, then supplemented by all-out land invasion. The atrocities already took away more than 1000 lives, one third of them is children and many are women and civilians.

The Security Council adopted a resolution 1 week back with USA remain absent. UN Head Ban ki-Moon is visiting through the Middle East urging the conflicting fractions to stop the war. But his appeal has so far no effect on the parties.
People all over the world expressed their voice against the Israel attacks. But all these are not enough to subdue Israel and it is continuing in its onslaughts and declared that it is on its final 4th phase.

The buildings and residents have been demolished, hospital service collapsed, electricity cut off, water supply damaged, sanitary system inactivated, place of worship bombed, UN premises shelled, thousands of people displaced and starved.

Palestinian President Abbas so far could not make any concrete step and his lukewarm response also criticized by the palestanians all over.

Arab leaders are sitting together either here or there but with no substantial outcome. People from the greater Muslim world are protesting. Bangladesh also lodged a protest urging Israel to end the aggression. Bolivia and Venezuella cut off their diplomatic ties with Israel. Later they were followed by Qatar and Muratania.

But Israel is little caring. With the support of the USA, weakness of the UN, division of the Arab and Muslim world, Israel is continueing massacre on its own plan.

But one thing is clear. By this latest invasion Israel proved itself that it is an occupying force and it is trying to legitimise its birth by force.

But anything that is not legal will not survived for long.

One thing is not clear to me- what was the preparation of Hamas to withstand the onslaught of Israel. Why Hamas was provoking while it is not prepared to counter the aggression. Here lies the difference between Hijbullah of Lebanon and Hamas.

The silence of Obama over the conflict also caught the eyes of the world. He explains that it is the job of one President at a time. Would the policy of Obama be different from Bush in regard to Palestine?

Is a permanent solution of Palestine problem impossible? Would Obama take an effective initiative?

The present conflict will also have an impact on the political state of the Arab nations. The agony of the Palestanians lengthens because of the absence of state power that are democratically elected and committed to the rights of the people.

An ordinary citizen

Link:
A discourse on Gaza situation by MS Akbar

Post Script:
18/01/09
The death tol rises to 1200. Israel declared unilateral ceasefire. Hamas asserted it will not accept any ceasefire until Israeli forces are totally withdrawn from Gaza.
It is alleged that though ceasefire is declared, Israel is continuing its ground activity.
Israel is thinking of erecting a wall underground along the Rafa border to prevent the arm smuggling. Israel draws an agreement with US to prevent arm smugling through Rafah border.

19/1/09
Hamas accepted the ceasefire for one week and allowing Israel to withdraw their forces out of Gaza.
People start to seach for deads under the rubble.
World leaders met at Cairo with Abbas including Israel, UK and Germany.
20/1/09
Israel declares to withdraw the forces early.Obama’s inuguration may have an effect on it.

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