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Transition of Power is always difficult in Bangladesh March 29, 2013

Posted by bdoza in BANGLADESH, POLITICS.
Tags: , ,

transfer of power-2After liberation in 1971, it was Awami League that formed the first government as they got sweeping win in the general election of 1970 and led the liberation war of Bangladesh against Pakistan. Father of the nation Bangabandhu Shaikh Mujibur Rahman after coming back from his captive days in Pakistan, became the head of the state of Bangladesh. In the general election of 1973, AL again got absolute majority and continued the government. But after years in power, AL preferred to establish one party government banning all the political parties and newspapers except 4 . Few months after the transformation, Bangabandhu Sk. Mujibur Rahman was killed by a group of army officers.

After the death of Sk. Mujinur Rahman in August 1975, martial law was imposed in the country, eventually Major General Ziaur Rahman took over the power. While in the office, he formed the Bangladesh Nationalist Party(BNP), now the largest opposition party and gave a general election through which he and his party formed a civil government. But he was killed by a group of Army in 1981.

In the political vacuum that was created, Major General Ershad, the then Chief of Army Staff took over charge of the head of state. After a period of military rule, he also formed a political party Jatiya Party and assumed the post of the chief of the party.He tried to prong his stay in power by different political calculations and ultimately thrown away by a mass upsurge participated by all major political parties, BNP, AL and Jamaat-e-Islami.

In the first election of 1991, in the new democratic era of Bangladesh, BNP won the general election and AL and Jamaat-e-Islami both launched vehement movement against the then government. BNP, the party in power forced an election in early 1996 but they had to abandon it and had to accept the caretaker formula. The election that followed in which BNP lost and AL gain the power but of the state.

AL ran the country for 5 years but they reshuffled the administration and election commission in such a way that they could be sure about their win. The chief adviser was also chosen in that respect. But ex chief justice Latifur Rahman after taking chair of Chief Justice totally reorganized the administration. In the next election , AL was defeated and it was heard for them to accept the result.

BNP after winning again tried to reset the judiciary in such a way that they could get the chief adviser of their choice and the changes created a series of turmoil that ended in non-democratic government supported by Army. They remain in power for about 2 years and then they bent to the public pressure to organize the general election in the end of 2001.

In the election of 2008, AL won and got absolute majority in power. In this tenure, AL tried to infiltrate their men in every machinery
of the government. They changed the constitution in their favour and dissolved the caretaker option from the constitution and framed a formula of arranging an election that would surely support them to continue the regime for more 5 years. The issue of trail of war crimes is mixed up with the election issue so that it serves the government to stay in power.

The situation of Bangladesh for transfer of power in 2013 is more complex than any previous situations and way to come out of the complexity is still uncertain.

An ordinary citizen


1. adnanramin - March 29, 2013

Informative blog. Would like to read about your thoughts on how to make the 2013 transition.
I have recently started my humble blog – come for a visit and help me with suggestions. Thanks.

bdoza - March 30, 2013

Would like to visit your blog, but you didn’t put your web address in the comment.

adnanramin - March 30, 2013

Haha …right. I’m at adnanramin.wordpress.com.

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