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Bangladesh and Climate Change Conference 2011 December 17, 2011

Posted by bdoza in BANGLADESH, CLIMATE.
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Bangladesh as one of the worst affected countries by climate change had attended the conference with high hopes. The country was represented in the conference by a strong team headed by Dr. Hasan Mahmud, Minister for Environment and Forest.

All the countries agreed to follow a legally binding that will be prepared by 2015 , and will be effective in 2020 . A Green Climate Fund will also be created of 100 billion US$. The management framework is also drawn in the conference. The fund will distribute 100m US$ per year to the poor countries to adapt with the climate change, an initiative taken up in Copenhagen conference 2009.It was decided that Kyoto agreement will continue till 2017.

The conference 2011 was held in Durban, South Africa from 28th November to 11th December 2011. 154 countries attended the conference.

The sponsors considered the conference a success but the scientists and environtal groups disagree with them and opined that the deal is not enough to avoid global warming beyond 2 degree Celsius.

Bangladesh was frustrated over the outcome of the conference. This was expressed in a press conference by the Bangladesh team after coming back to the country.
It was also said that the summit was almost about to collapse that was rescued by last time attempt and some success was attained by the negotiations in the extended day.

Bangladesh is also not convinced with the transparency of the UN climate change fund.The minister said that the developed countries were supposed to give 30 billion dollar to the climate fund. So far only 3 billion is disbursed from this fund. Bangladesh got 300 m from the fund. Till now no money was deposited in the 100b Green Climate Fund. Though Kyoto protocol was extended upto 2017, the big emmitters are allowed to sign upto 2020, creating an uncertainty.

Greenpeace lamented the deal as the victory of pulluters over people.

An ordinary citizen


UN Frame Work Climate Change Conference, Durban, Nov-Dec, 2011

Arsenicosis in Bangladesh -poisoning of a population in search of pure drinking water October 16, 2010

Posted by bdoza in BANGLADESH, CLIMATE.
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[Posted for Blog Action Day 2010]

In order to control epidemic of diarrhoeal diseases about 4 million tube wells were installed countrywide in 1960 in Bangladesh.
in 1980s- arsenic contamination in tube well water was suspected
in 1993 -first ever case of arsenic poisoning was detected and recognized in1996

‘Bangladesh is in the midst of a mass poisoning in the history, dangerous level of arsenic has been found in ground water, entering million of people sip by sip as they drink from over 4 million tube wells’ N Y Times, 10.11.98
‘Arsenic in drinking water poses the highest cancer risk ever found…
this is really a medical emergency’. N Y Times, 10.11.98
61 out of 64 districts, 270 out of 464 sub-districts are affected. No of contaminated tube well is 1.44 m, population exposed is 66m, total case detected more than 38000.

58% of the patients are suffering from mental agony
13% from fear of premature death, 55% girls face difficulty in getting marries, 37% patients facing restriction in sharing house commodities, 30% rejected from job, 20% had reduced payment.

The most alarming role of chronic arsenic poisoning is carcinogenicity which may occur decades after exposure. chronic ingestion of inorganic arsenic causes bladder, lungs or skin rashes.
[Source: Arsenicosis in Bangladesh, A presentation by Abdul Momin PhD]

An ordinary citizen

Blog Action Day 2010 Water Home Page

Arsenic Poisoning in Bangladesh-Google Search

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Bangladesh in Copenhagen Climate Change Conference December 30, 2009

Posted by bdoza in BANGLADESH, CLIMATE, Climate Change, ENVIRONMENT, POLITICS.
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Bangladesh was eagerly waiting for the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference of December 6 to December 18, 2009.

Bangladesh deligates from experts to ministers attended the meeting in flocks. It is learned that 86 persons from Bangladesh attended the conference. PM Hasina also cancelled her schedule of visiting India to attend the summmit and left home on 14th December for Copenhagen. It was hoped that Bangladesh would play a leading role among the developing countries in the conference. Bangladesh has taken a fully active role in the group of LDCs for additional financing and for recognitionof its case. Bangladesh depicts as the poster child of the climate change along with Maldives and few paacific islands. Bangladesh sees its recognition as one of the most vulnerable countries as great achievment of the conference.

Bangladeshis is praised for adaptation to climate change but we are not sure how far Bangladeshis have adapted themselves to overcome the consequences of climate change.

UN reports that 17% of the low costal area will be submerged with the rise of 1 meter sea water due to the effect of global warming.

One interesting devopment is that US President Barack Obama telephoned Bangladesh PM before her joining the conference hoping Bangladesh would play a reasonable role in the conference.

PM Hasina in her speech in the conference expressed satisfaction over the deal in the Copenhagen and hope remining unsolved issues will be sort out soon.

But the Climate Conference ended with bare minimum consensus.

An ordinary citizen

Bangladesh and climate migration October 15, 2009

Posted by bdoza in BANGLADESH, CLIMATE, Climate Change, ENVIRONMENT.
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The impact of climate change has started affecting Banglades. Bangladesh had already experienced devastating cyclone ‘Sidr’ and ‘Aleya’ in the last years. While Sidr has caused more deaths of human lives and damage to the corps, houses and cattles, Cyclone Aleya surged the sea water into the coastal belt and submesed huge area under saline water making the life difficult for the people living there.

Bangladesh is one of the prime victim of the climate change as it is located at the apex of the Bay of Bengal and is a low lying country. It is said that 1/3 of Bangladesh will submerge under sea water by next 50 years and 20 million people will find no soil to stand on.

What is the way out to keep the people of Bangladesh and other low lying countries survive the onslaught?

The Bangladesh Govt is pressing for compensation from the developed countries who are mainly responsible for the carbon emmission and the climate change. The billion dollars that Bangladesh is claming may not be enough to protect it’s shore from the incusion of saline water.

The only way left would be to migrate the affected people to other parts of the country or other parts of the world. Bangladesh already so densely populated that it would be impossible for itself to accomodate the displaced people in its would be shrinked territory.

World bodies should think seriously about the necessity of climate migration and formulate the policies to protect the right to live of the victims of climate change.

An ordinary citizen

Towards Recognition-Creating Awareness for Climate Migrants

Climate Ark- Climate Change and Global Warming Portal

UN summit: Changing the system of representation September 25, 2009

Posted by bdoza in International Affairs, UN.
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imagesSummit of 192 nations held in the General Assebly of the UN. Leaders of many countries projected their ideas in the summit from Barak Obama of USA to Nitalyaho of Israel. I could manage to listen to part of the session that telecasted live from the spot.

Barak Obama deviating from his immediate predecessor expressed a reconciliatory tone in his speech which was well constructed and fluent as always with him. He stressed for a shared resporsibility of all the countries in the present world and emphasied for a greater role of UN in the future world.

After Obama left the hall, Gadhafi of Libya delivered his maiden speech in his 40 years in the throne. He was in an arrogant mood, giving reference to the preamble of the UN charter which was adoted at it’s birth, argued that the rules,regulations and procedure that drafted and followed later on virtually dictated by the big powers who ascertained veto power on themselves to dominate others. He argued for restructuring the Security Council on the basis of geopolitical representation of the member countries and designating the Security Council as the executive body of the General Assembly which will paly the decisive role in all UN matters.

The speech of Gadhafi was unnecessary lengthy and at times boring. Throughout the whole session, his speech was the most controversial and will be disliked by the superpowers. Though his speech may have not a changing impact on the structure of the UN, but it points to the previlegdes enjoyed by the superpowers over other countries for long years which he thinks shouldn’t be continued.

The ordinary citizen predicts that for good or bad there is little chance of changing the present structure of UN heirachy.

An ordinary citizen

A Pinak Ranjan and his few comments July 24, 2009

Posted by bdoza in BANGLADESH, Diplomacy., ECONOMY, ENVIRONMENT, Flood.
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Pinak Ranjan Chakravarty, the Indian High Commissioner has made some comments in the last few months which has stirred the people and politics in Bangladesh to an unexpected level.

His comment on transit

>”transit is an economic issue, not a political issue”

first got immediate reaction from different sectors.

State Minister for Foriegn Affairs of the new Government Mahmud Hasan later tried to defend his comment saying that ‘some people unnecessarily link transit with politics’.

On June 21, 2009 Pinak Ranjan lamblasted the water experts of Bangladesh by saying

”some ‘so-called water experts’ are making comments without considering issues relating to the flow of the Ganges water’… ‘Clearly, the question of Bangladesh not getting its due share of water under this treaty is an empty slogan’. He also added, “Unfortunately, criticism of India and India-phobia has become an instrument for deriving political mileage for a particular section whose antecedents are well-known’. On Timaimukh he said,’There has been a lot of agitation on the issue of Tipaimukh Dam. It is a hydroelectric multipupose project to produce eecricity only. It will also, to some extent, help in flood control. The project has no component of irrigation and involves no diversion of water for irrigation purposes. The feasibility and design of Tipaimukh has been studied and examined threadbare by various experts over the last 40 years and India provided all details on the proposed project to Bangladesh’

He was speaking at a seminar on ‘South Asian Connectivity: Bangladesh Perspective’ at Pan Pacific Sonargaon in Dhaka.

The comment drew immediate reaction from experts, politicians and people alike. It is assumed that Bangladesh has got little documents on Timaimukh dam from India. That’s why the present government asked India to supply all the documents when the controversy started to get heat.

Foreign Minister Dipu Moni said afterwards that Indian High Commissioner Pinak Ranjan Chakravarty might have violated diplomatic norms through his comments on controversial Tipaimukh dam and Bangladeshi water experts.

But LGRD and Cooperatives Minister Syed Ashraful Islam a day after contradicted with the comment of Foreign Minister saying that he personally thinks that Indian High Commissioner Pinak Ranjan Chakravarty had not flouted diplomatic norms through his comment on Tipaimukh dam.

His latest comment at a conference on ‘Bangladesh-India Economic Relations’ in the city lately also drew criticism

”around 25000 of the Bangladeshis who entered India with legal visa each year never did return to Bangladesh”.

At last the Government of Bangladesh had to come up with the statement to refute the allegation raised by Pinak Ranjan as ‘ his observation does not match with the information avaialble with the government’.

People of Bangladesh always want a peaceful and friendly relation with India. Abdul Kalam, eminent Scientist and former President of India in his recent visit to Bangladesh assured that India will not do anything that will harm Bangladesh.

A comment of an speaker in a talk show may have some truth when he says that India will never prosper by keeping Bangladesh poor, her prosperity will always be at stake if Bangladesh remain poor because of her policy and planning.

Whether Pinak is doing diplomatically good thing by provoking anti-Indian and anti-Tipaimukh sentiment-is beyond the scope of an ordinary citizen, but otherwise he is a man of good composure and of fine linguistic ability.

An ordinary citizen

Where Is Bangladesh Own Study On Tipaimukh Dam? July 17, 2009

Posted by bdoza in BANGLADESH, CLIMATE, Flood.

I could recollect that Dipu Moni, Foreign Minister of Bangladesh few weeks back  told that Bangladesh requested India to supply all technical  documents in relation to Tipaimukh Dam for  Bangladesh Government to come to a decision.

Government also was taking initiative  to send a Parliamentary Committee comprising the members of the treasury as well as the opposition, though the response from the opposition so far is not much encouraging for the government. Few experts are also supposed to be included in the committee.

In a recent roundtable discussion, the speakers and experts unrged the government to collect the datas on the Dam before sending the team to Tipaimukh.

Very recently, the Indian Government has published  the report on the ‘Tipaimukh Dam Hydroelectric Project’. This is the first time that some information on the dam has been disclosed by the assigned impementation organisation  ‘North Eastern Electric Power Corporation Limited’ in their website. But the information is limited to the effect of the dam on the Indian Terrritoy only. The report consists of  ‘Environmental Impact Assesment’, ‘Environmental Management Plan’  and ‘Dam Break Analysis and Disster Management Plan’.(Prothom Alo)

The Dam was first thought of in 1960s. Then through different phases the plan was developed and steps taken for implementation from the Indian side. For different administrative and political reasons physical start of the construction delayed. But where is the study on the dam of Bangadesh Government itself ?

In an article of Dr. Debabrata Roy Laifungbam/Dr.Soibam Ibotombi it is said that Bangladesh has made some studies since 1992-94.

However, the downstream effects of a Tipaimukh Dam-break have been studied by the Government of Bangladesh since 1992-94. In its Flood Action Plan 6 (FAP 6) as part of the North Eastern Regional Water Management Plan of Bangladesh, the scenario of a dam failure at Tipaimukh Dam project was investigated by international hydraulic and environmental experts in the context of a comprehensive flood action plan for Sylhet District

But we, the common people are not aware of such studies and nobody from the government of the past and present in the recent time has mentioned of such studies of our own.

Why are we depending absolutely on the analysis of our neighbour who naturaly will consider their interest more preferably and we cannot expect a neutral assesment on the impact on our soil from them?

By this time we should have our own study and if it is not done at all, we should start one immediately and with the inclusion of the international water and  environment experts and publish it soon.

An ordinary citizen

Hamas, Israel and an occupied territory January 17, 2009

Posted by bdoza in BANGLADESH, International, UN.
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It is over 21 days that Israel launches its attack on Hamas.It starts with air attacks, then supplemented by all-out land invasion. The atrocities already took away more than 1000 lives, one third of them is children and many are women and civilians.

The Security Council adopted a resolution 1 week back with USA remain absent. UN Head Ban ki-Moon is visiting through the Middle East urging the conflicting fractions to stop the war. But his appeal has so far no effect on the parties.
People all over the world expressed their voice against the Israel attacks. But all these are not enough to subdue Israel and it is continuing in its onslaughts and declared that it is on its final 4th phase.

The buildings and residents have been demolished, hospital service collapsed, electricity cut off, water supply damaged, sanitary system inactivated, place of worship bombed, UN premises shelled, thousands of people displaced and starved.

Palestinian President Abbas so far could not make any concrete step and his lukewarm response also criticized by the palestanians all over.

Arab leaders are sitting together either here or there but with no substantial outcome. People from the greater Muslim world are protesting. Bangladesh also lodged a protest urging Israel to end the aggression. Bolivia and Venezuella cut off their diplomatic ties with Israel. Later they were followed by Qatar and Muratania.

But Israel is little caring. With the support of the USA, weakness of the UN, division of the Arab and Muslim world, Israel is continueing massacre on its own plan.

But one thing is clear. By this latest invasion Israel proved itself that it is an occupying force and it is trying to legitimise its birth by force.

But anything that is not legal will not survived for long.

One thing is not clear to me- what was the preparation of Hamas to withstand the onslaught of Israel. Why Hamas was provoking while it is not prepared to counter the aggression. Here lies the difference between Hijbullah of Lebanon and Hamas.

The silence of Obama over the conflict also caught the eyes of the world. He explains that it is the job of one President at a time. Would the policy of Obama be different from Bush in regard to Palestine?

Is a permanent solution of Palestine problem impossible? Would Obama take an effective initiative?

The present conflict will also have an impact on the political state of the Arab nations. The agony of the Palestanians lengthens because of the absence of state power that are democratically elected and committed to the rights of the people.

An ordinary citizen

A discourse on Gaza situation by MS Akbar

Post Script:
The death tol rises to 1200. Israel declared unilateral ceasefire. Hamas asserted it will not accept any ceasefire until Israeli forces are totally withdrawn from Gaza.
It is alleged that though ceasefire is declared, Israel is continuing its ground activity.
Israel is thinking of erecting a wall underground along the Rafa border to prevent the arm smuggling. Israel draws an agreement with US to prevent arm smugling through Rafah border.

Hamas accepted the ceasefire for one week and allowing Israel to withdraw their forces out of Gaza.
People start to seach for deads under the rubble.
World leaders met at Cairo with Abbas including Israel, UK and Germany.
Israel declares to withdraw the forces early.Obama’s inuguration may have an effect on it.

BIMSTEC summit 2008 held November 14, 2008

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Links :
BIMSTEC summit for enhancing co-operation[Xinhua]

BIMSTEC summit declares close co-operation for combating terrorism and transnational ctrime [Asian Tribune]

SUMMIT praises the idea of Food Bank[Earth Times]

BIMSTEC is to fight crisis together [Daily Star]

Web site of BIMSTEC[…]

Why not a whitepaper on Cyclone Sidr? September 8, 2008

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Cyclone Sidr was one of the fiercest cyclone in this region. People from home and abroad responded generously to the call of hour. World bank and other international organisations and different countries took part in the generosity. An unknown philanthropist also donated $130 m for the victims. Bangladesh Government and its different ministries, NGOs, different political parties and various social organisations participated in this human activities.

The activities were also of different form. Ready food and pure drinking water was distributed, tents were supplied, houses were built, schools were restructured, roads were reconstructed, seeds were supplied, fertilizer were given, cash was handed over as short and long term loan.

A white paper on Sidr should be published on the magnitude of the devastation, details of the contribution in Cash and kind by different states, organisations and individuals and details of the utilisation of the donation are needed to be elaborated in the white paper.

This government advocates for transparency and accountability and let us see how transparent they are regarding the money doanted for Sidr and how efficiently they have managed the crisis


  An ordinary citizen

Little hope for climate change from G8 summit July 28, 2008

Posted by bdoza in BANGLADESH, CLIMATE, Climate Change.
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The 34th G8 summit took place in Tōyako on the northern island of Hokkaidō, Japan from July 7–9, 2008.
France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Russia and European Commission are the regular members of the G8 forum of the most industrialised countries. 16 non-G8 countries were also invited which include China, India and Brazil as wellas reprentatives of 5 international institutions including World Bank.

The issues discussed in the forum are climate change, food crisis, fuel price, achievments towards MDG, Non-proliferation, North Korea and Iran, Assistance to Africa, fight against terrorism etc.

Climate Change was notthe first issue to be discussed. But it took the centre point as the discussion progressed.After much discussion and hesitation the forum adopt the global target to reduce the greenhouse gas emission at least 50% by the year 2050.

They also agreed to implement mid-term quantitative national targets, to launch an international initiative for innovative technology development, and also to launch climate investment funds to support developing countries.

Climate Change target pronouced by G8 was not acclaimed by any. The target is vague and much below the expectiation or necessity of the hour. The bolder decision could not be taken mainly due to US position not to commit to a greater target. The base line demarcation is also not clear. It was expected that the base line should be of 1990. But the chairman of the form in a reply clarifies that it would be the current situation, a vague term which indicates either the state of 2005 or 2008.One remarks that it would be a mokery of climate change if they explain in this way.

NGOs including CAFOD, ActionAid, Christian Aid, Oxfam and Save the Children all argue that this is not credible, because there is no agreed baseline year, no agreement on when emissions will peak and begin to decline and no mid-term target on emissions reductions.
Regarding $6 billion fund which marked as ‘Climate Investment Fund’, Christian Aid points out two problems. Firstly, the fund will be housed at the World Bank, which has a track record of imposing damaging economic policies on poor countries and is backing a large portfolio of greenhouse gas emitting projects around the world. Secondly, this is not new money – the money will come out of aid budgets, at a time when aid budgets are decreasing.

Washington blocked proposals on interim emissions targets and benchmarks. Environmentalists expressed disappointment in the lack of interim targets and contended the long-term goal did little more than “restate last year’s G8 commitment.”

Developing nations refused to sign on to the G8’s long-term goal and the major emitters could agree on no strong alternative. Several nations, including China, India, Mexico, and Brazil, had an alternate proposal for developed nations to cut emissions by 25 to 40 percent by 2020, and in exchange developing nations would agree to cuts of 80 percent to 95 percent by 2050.

The G8 has a huge historical responsibility for causing climate change. Altogether, they contributed 42.5% of global CO2 emissions from energy use between 1992 and 2004 and more than 60% since 1850. Their cumulative per capita emissions since 1850 result in almost five times the world average. Whilst the G8 leaders are meeting the Arctic has surpassed all predictions for the speed and scale of arctic summer ice loss. Most sea ice scientists agree that we are either at or past the tipping point of the arctic summer sea ice and talk of an ice free summer arctic by 2013. This massive iconic change in the earth’s system increasingly signals that the future consequences for humanity and especially the world’s poor are potentially devastating.

Bangladesh needed G8 to act on climate change but the ultimate outcome is disappointing.

Dhaka Declaration: Saarc countries vow to fight climate change July 4, 2008

Posted by bdoza in BANGLADESH, CLIMATE, Climate Change.
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Saarc ministerial meeting held at Dhaka on 3rd of this month to draw the outline to combat the impact of the climate change on this belt. They made a Dhaka Declaration that includes capacity building for Clean Development Mechanism projects, exchange of information on disaster preparedness and extreme events, exchange of meteorological data, capacity building and exchange of information on climate change impacts including sea level rise, glacial melting and threats to biodiversity, mutual consultation in international negotiation process and media briefing as and when required.[DS] (more…)

Cyclone Sidr, Nargis, Myanmar, response and resilience of Bangladesh May 18, 2008

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When Cyclone Sidr hit Bangladesh at its southern coast in November 15 2007 at a speed of 215km/h (135m/h) with surge of water 15-20 feet high, ¼ th of the Bangladesh was totally devastated,10000 of human life has been lost and uncountable crops, cattle, houses, jobs and business had been damaged.


‘Waterlord’ -view of a journalist on the challanges faced by Bangladeshi people May 12, 2008

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Robert D Kaplan in a legthy discourse ‘Waterlord’ in Atlantic.com described the challanges faced by the Bangladeshi people in a country raged by flood and cyclone. (more…)

Bangladesh after Hurricane Sidr-through the eye of an aid worker May 10, 2008

Posted by bdoza in BANGLADESH, CLIMATE, Sidr.
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Nicki Bennett is an American aid worker, has been in Bangladesh for 6 months since Cyclone Sidr struck Bangladesh. Here is an account of her in NY Times on life and reality of the people of
Bangladesh in Sidr affected area […]

an ordinary citizen

Hurricane Sidr and an anonymous philanthropist January 31, 2008

Posted by bdoza in BANGLADESH, CLIMATE, Sidr.
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He has donated 130 m dollars(Tk 910 crore) for the victims of Hurricane Sidr which devastated the south of Bangladesh on 15th November, 2007. (more…)

After Hurricane Sidr a different Eid December 21, 2007

Posted by bdoza in BANGLADESH, CLIMATE, Sidr.
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More than a month is over- Hurricane Sidr devastated the south of Bangladesh. The life of the affected are still in disarray. The memory of the deadly night are still haunting them. The pain of the loss of children, parents or other relatives are still with them. They are to survive on the food supplied by the government or nongovernmental agencies. They are to sleep in the makeshift shelters not enough to lessen the bite of the cold of the winter nights. Their means of livelihood destroyed and they are searching ways to restart a new life.

In such a sad scenario, the festival of Eid ul Azha came.. When the simple daily living is difficult how they will buy cattle and sacrifice them and enjoy the festival.

Bangladesh is trying to overcome the grief by sharing with the Sidr victims. The religious leaders urge the affluent to donate the extra money to the affected people. The government has also taken special steps to collect the meat from the people of the unaffected area to distribute it to the distressed people of the Sidr area. People are donating generously to relief funds of Chief Adviser and of Chief of Army. Many individuals are also physically going to the Sidr area to share their means with the victims.

Probably all these efforts would not be enough to remove the miseries, still on the day of the EID, we pray for all the departed souls and seek strength from Almighty to survive the devastation through patience and sharing.

An ordinary citizen

Human poverty Index in Bangladesh in UN report 2007-08 December 19, 2007

Posted by bdoza in BANGLADESH, UN.
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The HDI measures the average progress of a country in human development. The Human Poverty Index for developing countries (HPI-1), focuses on the proportion of people below a threshold level in the same dimensions of human development as the human development index – living a long and healthy life, having access to education, and a decent standard of living. By looking beyond income deprivation, the HPI-1 represents a multi-dimensional alternative to the $1 a day (PPP US$) poverty measure. The HPI-1 measures severe deprivation in health by the proportion of people who are not expected to survive age 40. Education is measured by the adult illiteracy rate. And a decent standard of living is measured by the unweighted average of people without access to an improved water source and the proportion of children under age 5 who are underweight for their age. Table 1 shows the values for these variables for Bangladesh and compares them to other countries. (more…)

Hurricane Sidr: acts of kindness December 18, 2007

Posted by bdoza in BANGLADESH, CLIMATE, Sidr.
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Hurricane sidr passed over Bangladesh at a speed of 220 km/hr with surge of sea water of 15 to 20 feet high on the night of 15th November 2007. It was one the fiercest storm that passed over Bangladesh in its known history. The hurricane was double the size of Bangladesh. More than 300o people died on the night, thousands of livestock lost, hectors of crops destroyed, houses, schools, roads, bridges and culverts destroyed of an area of one fourth of the country.


People from all over the world horrified at the magnitude of the devastation and extend their hand in support. Government and NGOs , international organisations, EU, USA and different UN bodies all involved in the rescue, relief and rehabilitation work. The devastation is so much so that Government with international agencies have to introduce VGF card to 2.6 million families to support food supply for 4 months.

The ordinary citizen, though was not directly affected as he was a little away from the eye of the hurricane, felt extreme agony and sadness in his heart and tried to share the burden of the victims. He personaly and from his family donated cash and cloths for the affected people as most of the people of Bangladesh did.

But the deed he would cherished most is his attempt to create awareness regarding the devasatation of the Hurricane Sidr through the posts in his blog and to discuss different ways and means to combat the effect of hurricane sidr in his poor country.

All these done not as an act of kindness but done out of responsibility.

By the way, my posts on Hurricane Sidr are the most visited posts of my blog so far.

An ordinary citizen

Human Development Index (HDI) of Bangladesh in UN Report December 14, 2007

Posted by bdoza in BANGLADESH, UN.
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Human Development report(HDR) is published each year from 1990 by the UN. It indicates the state of the nation in relation to human development by Human development Index-HDI. HDI indicates a composite measure of 3 dimension of human development:

1) living a long healthy life( measured by life expectancy)

2) being educated( measured by adult education and enrolment at primary, secondary and tertiary level)

3) having a decent standard of living ( measured by purchasing power parity)