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Rise and Fall of Ghulam Azam July 17, 2013

Posted by bdoza in BANGLADESH.
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Ghulam Azam  2
Ghulam Azam, the Chief of Jamaat -e Islami in  Bangladesh in the then East Pakistan  in 1971 , was given 90 years jail by the International War Crime Tribunal considering his old age for his role in 1971 against the liberation war in Bangladesh. (more…)

Jamaat, Hartals and Anti-people Startegies July 15, 2013

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Jamaat-e-Islami declared country-wide hartal today  in protest against assumed declaration of verdict on Golam Azam by the International War Crime Tribunal. Golam Azam was the Chief of Jamaat-e-Islami of the then East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) in 1971 and accused of designing the atrocities against the Banglalees in collaboration with Pakistani Junta. (more…)

Trial of War Crimes and Politics of Jamaat-Shibir November 17, 2012

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Trail of war crimes is continuing and it is expected that judgment on a few cases may be announced by December. The country is also witnessing a sudden rise of political violence on the streets of Bangladesh from capital to district towns. The shibir activists are likely involved in this violence. They are suddenly attacking the police on duty in groups with bricks and sticks. The attacks continued for about a week injuring 200 policemen in different parts of the country. The last attack took place in the heart of the city in the last week where they even attacked the protection cars and car of APS of Law Minister. The police were mercilessly beaten. The police looked helpless. Hundreds of people observed the scene as bystanders without coming in support of the police. Shibir activists only left the scene when police forces were reinforced.

The government showed sharp reaction to the incident. Home Minister in strongest language condemned the attack and declared to punish the culprits. He asked the AL youth wing-Jubo league activists to come in support of police though Juba league president didn’t accept the request saying that it is the duty of police and not of Jubo league workers. Home Minister also dismissed to have any form of dialogue with Jamaat Shibir in reply to the appeal made by US ambassador. He commented that we can’t compromise with decoits and killers. Let us first suppress them , then we shall talk. PM said that time has come to think about the religion-based politics in Bangladesh. She also said that the attacks will also accelerate the war crime trial. The AL leaders also blaming BNP for indirectly support Jamaat-Shibir attacks.

BNP recently declared that it no way owns the responsibility of attacks made on police by Jamaat-Shibir.

The objectives of the attacks on police is not clear. It is stated by neither Jamaat nor Shibir. But it is assumed that the attacks are made to somehow interfere the war crime trial. Jamaat was trying to project the trail in and outside the country as biased and not of international standard. In support of their demand they tried to organize protests at different times and different parts of the country, but those attempt were foiled by police in the capital and elsewhere. That may be a reason why they attack the police in desperation. It may be an abnormal expression of suppression of their political rights.

But is the way justified or logical in the context of judicial framework and political reality? The attacks may embarrass the government but it will at the same time distant them from the people and it will jeopardize the political existence of their party.

Government also make its position complex by starting the war crime trials not in its first term but a decade after and let Jamaat-Shibir to spread its root deep in the society, jointly conducting movement with Jamaat in early 90s for caretaker government, by not making the International War Tribunal international in standard and not independent in its procedure and inviting blame on itself to use the tribunal for its political ends.

It is difficult for an ordinary citizen to clearly visualize the days ahead but he can feel that the country is going through a very difficult phase and only hope that people would survive the crisis.

An ordinary citizen

Trial of War Crimes : New Resolution February 21, 2012

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Bangladesh Parliament in its present session adopted a new resolution on the private members day to try those who are obstructing the trial of War Crimes Tribunal. The resolution was actually passed by the passionate support of the treasury bench members against the intent of the Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs. The state minister present in the session tried to convince the members that actions will be taken against those who are obstructing the procedure of the tribunal. But the members stressed that a new law is necessary for the purpose with an oblique reference to Khaleda Zia and other BNP leaders who are making adverse comment on the trial.

Minister of Law, who was not present in the session, later said that the resolution will strengthen the ongoing trial of the war crimes. Few days back Minister refuted the allegation raised in the western block that the war crime trail is not international and the accused were kept under arrest against the norms. He said that the war crime tribunal is working under local law and there is nothing to confuse.

The resolution also starts a new wave of discussion on whether the resolution should be enacted into law, whether such a law is necessary and whether the law would be contradictory to the constitution.

Opinion differs on the issues. Advocate Suranjit Sen Gupta, Chairman of the Law and Parliamentary Affairs said that a recommendation by the Parliament is mandatory for the Government to transform it into law.

Some say that a new law is not necessary as there are existing laws to deal with the matter and some say that preventing criticism would be contradictory to the fundamental rights of freedom of speech and thought of the constitution.

The resolution adds a new dimension to the issue of war crime trial in Bangladesh.

An ordinary citizen

War Crimes on Trial in Bangladesh March 27, 2010

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Government has set the stage to start the trial of the war crimes in Bangladesh about 40 years after the war fought for liberation of Bangladesh. It formed the tribunal, fixed the prosecutors and assigned people to inquire into the allegations.

The Government in its first stage listed 25 people, 23 of whom are from Jamaat-e- Islami and 2 from BNP, most of whom are among the top leaders of the parties.

The listed 25 are also present in the list of 50, which was prepared earlier by the Sectors Commanders Forum .

The Chief of the Tribunal assures that no innocent will be punished.

People from different sectors expressed their satisfaction over the event. The Law Minister said that the process may take a little longer time to maintain the transparency and international standard.

Salahuddin Kader Chowdhury, one of the accused and a law maker from BNP reacted saying that it moved by the government to embarrass his party politically and to divert the attention of the people from the failures of the government.

The leaders of Jamaat-e-Islami remain mum on the news and said that as it is legal matter only lawyers will speak over the matter. They are also fixing the lawyers to defend them.

Matiya Chowdhury, a powerful minister of the government said that the sympathizers of the accused may create violence to jeopardize the trial.

The trial of the war crimes is a long awaiting one. Different national crisis and compromise by political parties delays the trail so far. Because of relentless effort by some social groups and increasing awareness of the new generation regarding the liberation war and return of AL to the power make the trial possible.

The trial must be a fair one, transparent and of international standard. The accused also should fight the case legally and at best politically but in no way they should take arms to create violence to jeopardize the legal procedure. That will destroy the last chance of political survival of Jamaat-e-Islami in this country.

An ordinary citizen

Tracing the trial of war criminals February 16, 2009

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Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs Minister Shafique Ahmed yesterday said trial of war criminals is one of the main election pledges of the government. He hinted that steps would be taken to try the war criminals under the International Crime Tribunal Act-1973.

Jamaat is the biggest enemy of Islam, says Shahtiar Kabir

Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina yesterday sought help of the United Nations in holding trial of the war criminals, saying prosecuting them has become a national demand.

Jatiya Sangshad adopted resolution for trial of war criminals in 29th January 2009.

Leaders of Citizens’ Commissionon Trial of War Criminals called for initiating the trial by forming a special tribunal as per International Crimes (Tribunals) Act 1973.

Govt moves to bar war criminals to flee.

War criminals should be punished even if they belong to Jamaat, BNP and Awami League, Shibir said.

Speakers at a discussion urged the government to form a special tribunal for trial of the war criminals as they said it was a special crime.

The US Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asian Affairs Richard A Boucher said the US would not hesitate to provide assistance, if necessary, in trying the war criminals in Bangladesh.

CPB refutes the idea.

Delwar questions the fair trial of the war crimes.

US welcomes the move of the trial of war criminals.

Jamaat plans to say sorry for 1971 political stance, not war crime; sideline controversial leaders; accept trial under UN.

Sector Commanders, intellectuals, lawyers and academicians suggested that the new government form a special tribunall and a commission to try the war criminals and collect evidences of war crimes.

Murder case, not war crimes, being probed against 2 Rajshahi arrestees; govt yet to start war criminal trial process.

Regarding trial of war criminals, Law Minister Shafique Ahmed said the government has enough information, data and proofs about the war crimes.He said the government would take steps to try the war criminals. “A tribunal will be formed after an investigation into the crimes.”
Pakistan envoy said ‘Time is not right to try 1971 war criminals’

Shahriar Kabir, Secretary General of Ghatak Dalal Nirmul Committee said that involvement of UN will make unnecessary delay of the trial.

Govt seeks evidence from Pakistan, US; UN named four experts to help probe

Amnesty International welcomes the UN help in war criimes trial

Process of war crimes trial kicks off 8 April, 2009. UN Resident Representative in Bangladesh Ms Renata said mistakes have been made in trials of war criminals in many countries.

Govt to amend law following Nuremberg Trial

War crimes trial process gets final shape

An ordinary citizen