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Bangladesh and Climate Change Conference 2011 December 17, 2011

Posted by bdoza in BANGLADESH, CLIMATE.
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Bangladesh as one of the worst affected countries by climate change had attended the conference with high hopes. The country was represented in the conference by a strong team headed by Dr. Hasan Mahmud, Minister for Environment and Forest.

All the countries agreed to follow a legally binding that will be prepared by 2015 , and will be effective in 2020 . A Green Climate Fund will also be created of 100 billion US$. The management framework is also drawn in the conference. The fund will distribute 100m US$ per year to the poor countries to adapt with the climate change, an initiative taken up in Copenhagen conference 2009.It was decided that Kyoto agreement will continue till 2017.

The conference 2011 was held in Durban, South Africa from 28th November to 11th December 2011. 154 countries attended the conference.

The sponsors considered the conference a success but the scientists and environtal groups disagree with them and opined that the deal is not enough to avoid global warming beyond 2 degree Celsius.

Bangladesh was frustrated over the outcome of the conference. This was expressed in a press conference by the Bangladesh team after coming back to the country.
It was also said that the summit was almost about to collapse that was rescued by last time attempt and some success was attained by the negotiations in the extended day.

Bangladesh is also not convinced with the transparency of the UN climate change fund.The minister said that the developed countries were supposed to give 30 billion dollar to the climate fund. So far only 3 billion is disbursed from this fund. Bangladesh got 300 m from the fund. Till now no money was deposited in the 100b Green Climate Fund. Though Kyoto protocol was extended upto 2017, the big emmitters are allowed to sign upto 2020, creating an uncertainty.

Greenpeace lamented the deal as the victory of pulluters over people.

An ordinary citizen

Links

UN Frame Work Climate Change Conference, Durban, Nov-Dec, 2011

Bangladesh and climate migration October 15, 2009

Posted by bdoza in BANGLADESH, CLIMATE, Climate Change, ENVIRONMENT.
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The impact of climate change has started affecting Banglades. Bangladesh had already experienced devastating cyclone ‘Sidr’ and ‘Aleya’ in the last years. While Sidr has caused more deaths of human lives and damage to the corps, houses and cattles, Cyclone Aleya surged the sea water into the coastal belt and submesed huge area under saline water making the life difficult for the people living there.

Bangladesh is one of the prime victim of the climate change as it is located at the apex of the Bay of Bengal and is a low lying country. It is said that 1/3 of Bangladesh will submerge under sea water by next 50 years and 20 million people will find no soil to stand on.

What is the way out to keep the people of Bangladesh and other low lying countries survive the onslaught?

The Bangladesh Govt is pressing for compensation from the developed countries who are mainly responsible for the carbon emmission and the climate change. The billion dollars that Bangladesh is claming may not be enough to protect it’s shore from the incusion of saline water.

The only way left would be to migrate the affected people to other parts of the country or other parts of the world. Bangladesh already so densely populated that it would be impossible for itself to accomodate the displaced people in its would be shrinked territory.

World bodies should think seriously about the necessity of climate migration and formulate the policies to protect the right to live of the victims of climate change.

An ordinary citizen

Link:
Towards Recognition-Creating Awareness for Climate Migrants

Climate Ark- Climate Change and Global Warming Portal

Follow Davos 2009 January 31, 2009

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An ordinary citizen

Little hope for climate change from G8 summit July 28, 2008

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The 34th G8 summit took place in Tōyako on the northern island of Hokkaidō, Japan from July 7–9, 2008.
France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Russia and European Commission are the regular members of the G8 forum of the most industrialised countries. 16 non-G8 countries were also invited which include China, India and Brazil as wellas reprentatives of 5 international institutions including World Bank.

The issues discussed in the forum are climate change, food crisis, fuel price, achievments towards MDG, Non-proliferation, North Korea and Iran, Assistance to Africa, fight against terrorism etc.

Climate Change was notthe first issue to be discussed. But it took the centre point as the discussion progressed.After much discussion and hesitation the forum adopt the global target to reduce the greenhouse gas emission at least 50% by the year 2050.

They also agreed to implement mid-term quantitative national targets, to launch an international initiative for innovative technology development, and also to launch climate investment funds to support developing countries.

Climate Change target pronouced by G8 was not acclaimed by any. The target is vague and much below the expectiation or necessity of the hour. The bolder decision could not be taken mainly due to US position not to commit to a greater target. The base line demarcation is also not clear. It was expected that the base line should be of 1990. But the chairman of the form in a reply clarifies that it would be the current situation, a vague term which indicates either the state of 2005 or 2008.One remarks that it would be a mokery of climate change if they explain in this way.

NGOs including CAFOD, ActionAid, Christian Aid, Oxfam and Save the Children all argue that this is not credible, because there is no agreed baseline year, no agreement on when emissions will peak and begin to decline and no mid-term target on emissions reductions.
Regarding $6 billion fund which marked as ‘Climate Investment Fund’, Christian Aid points out two problems. Firstly, the fund will be housed at the World Bank, which has a track record of imposing damaging economic policies on poor countries and is backing a large portfolio of greenhouse gas emitting projects around the world. Secondly, this is not new money – the money will come out of aid budgets, at a time when aid budgets are decreasing.

Washington blocked proposals on interim emissions targets and benchmarks. Environmentalists expressed disappointment in the lack of interim targets and contended the long-term goal did little more than “restate last year’s G8 commitment.”

Developing nations refused to sign on to the G8’s long-term goal and the major emitters could agree on no strong alternative. Several nations, including China, India, Mexico, and Brazil, had an alternate proposal for developed nations to cut emissions by 25 to 40 percent by 2020, and in exchange developing nations would agree to cuts of 80 percent to 95 percent by 2050.

The G8 has a huge historical responsibility for causing climate change. Altogether, they contributed 42.5% of global CO2 emissions from energy use between 1992 and 2004 and more than 60% since 1850. Their cumulative per capita emissions since 1850 result in almost five times the world average. Whilst the G8 leaders are meeting the Arctic has surpassed all predictions for the speed and scale of arctic summer ice loss. Most sea ice scientists agree that we are either at or past the tipping point of the arctic summer sea ice and talk of an ice free summer arctic by 2013. This massive iconic change in the earth’s system increasingly signals that the future consequences for humanity and especially the world’s poor are potentially devastating.

Bangladesh needed G8 to act on climate change but the ultimate outcome is disappointing.