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Egypt : techniques of survival of an autocrat February 10, 2011

Posted by bdoza in International, POLITICS.
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A massive uprising of people is going on in Egypt that started on 25th January 2011.Thousands of people come down to the streets and squares in the cities. The most symbolic is the Tahrir or Liberation square in Cairo. Like many citizens of the world I was following the evolving events in Egypt. The mass movement led by the youths has taken its momentum. The peak arrived on when people from all walks of life, men and women, children and old all gathered together in the Tahrir square in ‘millions march day’ on 28th January 2011.

Government closed down the social networks, shut down the internet, stop the text messaging and then stop the mobile phones. They swoop on the journalists, arrested them and tortured them.CNN Anderson was also heavily assaulted by them. Independent Media had been closed.

On the face of upheaval Husne Mubarak has made some changes. He has appointed new vice president and a prime minister. Both are from security forces, the vice president was Chief of Intelligence and is seen as possible successor to the Presidency.

He addressed the nation, cited his past and expressed his commitment to the nation. He declared not for run for presidency in the next election, but want to continue till then to serve the nation and to protect the nation from falling in chaos.

Then we heard that pro-Mubarak people have gathered outside and chanted slogans.They came close to the protesters and initially there was no clash. Then suddenly we saw some men on horses and with whips ran their horses through the masses injuring many. Some pro-Mubarak also came on camels. Some of the horse riders were brought down by the protesters. Sporadic clashes between the two groups continued throughout the night. Snipers from the outside killed the 7 protesters and injured many. They pro-govt hooligans also threw molotov cocktails and set fire the cars and vehicles.

The police were withdrawn from the duties after the first few days. The thieves and thugs were encouraged to loot houses and shops. Many of the thugs were found to be from the security forces.

The army were deployed in the city and tanks and armored vehicles spread out in the city and they remain virtually neutral and didn’t prevent the aggressors to create the chaos. They only played a little positive role very recently. Nobody knows how long that will persist.

UN estimated that more than 300 were killed and 5000 were injured. Though the ministry of Health only acknowledged 17 deaths.

The Egypt is under emergency rule since his coming to the power in 1981. The Husne Mubarrak has allies in the international block like USA and Israel unlike Saddam who had few friends.

The Husne Mubarak government has raised the salary of the government employees to 15% and also increase the pensions.

Whether all these measures could save the regime from collapse, only time will say.

An ordinary citizen